Help:Magic Words

Magic words are strings of codes which associates with a return value or function, such as time, site details, or page names. This page is about usage of standard magic words.

Basically there are three types of magic words:

Behaviour Switches

A behaviour switch controls the layout or behaviour of the page and can often be used to specify desired omissions and inclusions in the content.

Word Description
Table of contents
__NOTOC__ Hides the table of contents (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Forces the table of content to appear at its normal position (above the first header).
__TOC__ Places a table of contents at the word's current position (overriding __NOTOC__). If this is used multiple times, the table of contents will appear at the first word's position.
Editing
__NOEDITSECTION__ Hides the section edit links beside headings.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Adds a link beside the "edit" tab for adding a new section on a non-talk page.
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Removes the link beside the "edit" tab on pages in talk namespaces.
Categories
__NOGALLERY__ Used on a category page, replaces thumbnails in the category view with normal links.
__HIDDENCAT__ Used on a category page, hides the category from the lists of categories in its members and parent categories (there is an option in the user preferences to show them).
Language conversion
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__
__NOCC__
On wikis with language variants, don't perform any content language conversion (character and phase) in article display; for example, only show Chinese (zh) instead of variants like zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, or zh_hk.
__NOTITLECONVERT__
__NOTC__
On wikis with language variants, don't perform language conversion on the title (all other content is converted).
Other
__START__ No effect.
__END__ Explicitly marks the end of the article, to prevent MediaWiki from removing trailing whitespace.
__INDEX__ Tell search engines to index the page.
__NOINDEX__ Tell search engines not to index the page (ie, do not list in search engines' results).
__STATICREDIRECT__ On redirect pages, don't allow wiki to automatically update the link when someone moves a page and checks "Update any redirects that point to the original title".

Variables

Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to treat a variable as a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME.

Date & time

The following variables return the current date and time according to the user's timezone , defaulting to the UTC timezone.

Variable Output Description
Year
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2020 Year
Month
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 06 Month (zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} June Month (name)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} June Month
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} Jun Month (abbreviation)
Day
{{CURRENTDAY}} 3 Day of the month (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 03 Day of the month (zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTDOW}} 3 Day of the week (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Wednesday Day of the week (name)
Time
{{CURRENTTIME}} 17:31 Time (24-hour HH:mm format)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 17 Hour (24-hour zero-padded number)
Other
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 23 Week (number)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20200603173144 YYYYMMDDHHmmss timestamp

The following variables do the same as the above, but using the site's local timezone instead of user preferences and UTC:

  • {{LOCALYEAR}}
  • {{LOCALMONTH}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAME}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAMEGEN}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHABBREV}}
  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}
  • {{LOCALDAYNAME}}
  • {{LOCALTIME}}
  • {{LOCALHOUR}}
  • {{LOCALWEEK}}
  • {{LOCALTIMESTAMP}}

Technical metadata

Revision variables return data about the latest edit to the current page, even if viewing an older version of the page.

Variable Output Description
Site
{{SITENAME}} iskomunidad The wiki's site name
{{SERVER}} https://iskomunidad.upd.edu.ph domain URL
{{SERVERNAME}} iskomunidad.upd.edu.ph domain name
{{DIRMARK}}
{{DIRECTIONMARK}}

Outputs a unicode-directional mark that matches the wiki's default language's direction (‎ on left-to-right wikis, ‏ on right-to-left wikis), useful in text with multi-directional text.
{{SCRIPTPATH}} relative script path
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.31.3 The wiki's MediaWiki version.
{{CONTENTLANGUAGE}} en The wiki's default interface language
Latest revision to current page
{{REVISIONID}} 2759 Unique ID
{{REVISIONDAY}} 4 Day edit was made (unpadded number)
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 04 Day edit was made (zero-padded number)
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 03 Month edit was made (unpadded number)
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2009 Year edit was made
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20090304053209 Timestamp as of time of edit
{{PAGESIZE:page name}} 0 Returns the byte size of the specified page.
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} protection level Outputs the protection level (e.g. 'autoconfirm', 'sysop') for a given action (e.g. 'edit', 'move') on the current page or an empty string if not protected.
Affects page content
{{DISPLAYTITLE:title}} Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes and replacing spaces with underscores.
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey}} Used on a categorized page, sets a default.

Statistics

Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas or spaces, depending on the local language), but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} → 21,274 and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} → 21274). Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}).

Variable Output Description
Entire wiki
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 21,274 Number of wiki pages.
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 3,710 Number of pages in main namespace.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 13,891 Number of uploaded files.
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 65,033 Number of page edits.
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 4,567 Number of registered users.
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 7 Number of users in the sysop.


{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname}}
{{PAGESINCAT:Help}}
1
1
Number of pages in the given category (replace "Help" with the relevant category name).
{{PAGESINNS:index}}
{{PAGESINNAMESPACE:index}}
not enabled Number of pages in the given namespace (replace 2 with the relevant namespace index). E.g. {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} equals the number of categories..

Page names

Variable Output Description
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic Words Namespace and page title.
{{PAGENAME}} Magic Words Page title.
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic Words Page title excluding the current subpage and namespace ("Title" on "Title/foo").
{{SUBPAGENAME}} Magic Words The subpage title ("foo" on "Title/foo").
{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}} Help:Magic Words The namespace and title of the associated content page.
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic Words The namespace and title of the associated talk page.

The following are URL-encoded equivalents:

  • {{FULLPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{PAGENAMEE}}
  • {{BASEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{TALKPAGENAMEE}}

Namespaces

Variable Output Description
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Namespace (name)
{{SUBJECTSPACE}}
{{ARTICLESPACE}}
Help
Help
Name of the associated content namespace
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Name of the associated talk namespace

The following are URL-encoded equivalents:

  • {{NAMESPACEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTSPACEE}}
  • {{TALKSPACEE}}

Parser Functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is usually prefixed with a hash to distingush them from possible templates)

URL data

Variable Output Description
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name|query string}}
/index.php/Page_name
/index.php?title=Page_name&query string
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
https://iskomunidad.upd.edu.ph/index.php/Page_name
https://iskomunidad.upd.edu.ph/index.php?title=Page_name&query_string
The absolute path to the title. This will also resolve prefixes.
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}

The absolute URL to a media file.
{{urlencode:string}} x+y+z The input encoded for use in URLs.
{{anchorencode:string}} x_y_z The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the '#' symbol in a URL).

Namespaces

{{ns:}} returns the localized name for the namespace with that index.

Usage Output Usage Output
{{ns:-2}} or {{ns:Media}} Media {{ns:-1}} or {{ns:Special}} Special
{{ns:0}} {{ns:1}} or {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} or {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} or {{ns:User_talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} or {{ns:Project}} Iskomunidad {{ns:5}} or {{ns:Project_talk}} Iskomunidad talk
{{ns:6}} or {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} or {{ns:File_talk}} or {{ns:Image_talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} or {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} or {{ns:MediaWiki_talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} or {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} or {{ns:Template_talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} or {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} or {{ns:Help_talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} or {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} or {{ns:Category_talk}} Category talk

Formatting

Usage Output Description
{{lc:string}} text transform The lowercase input.
{{lcfirst:string}} teXt tRaNsFoRm The input with the first character lowercase.
{{uc:string}} TEXT TRANSFORM The uppercase input.
{{ucfirst:string}} TeXt tRaNsFoRm The input with the first character uppercase.
{{formatnum:unformatted number}}
{{formatnum:formatted number|R}}
-987,654,321.654321
-987654321.654321
The input with decimal and decimal group separators, and localized digit script, according to the wiki's default locale. the |R parameter can be used to unformat a number, for use in mathmatical situations.
{{padleft:xyz|number}}
{{padleft:xyz|number|separator}}
00xyz
__xyz
Inserts a string of padding characters (character chosen in third parameter; default '0') of a specified length (second paramater) next to a chosen base character or variable (first parameter). The final digits or characters in the base replace the final characters in the padding; ie. {{padleft:44|3|0}} produces 044.
{{padright:xyz|number}}
{{padright:xyz|number|separator}}
xyz00
xyz__
Identical to padleft, but adds padding characters to the right side.
{{plural:2|is|are}} are Outputs the correct given pluralization form (parameters except first) depending on the count (first parameter). Plural transformations are used for languages like Russian based on "count mod 10".
{{grammar:N|noun}} noun

Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish.

Miscellaneous

Usage Output Description Version
{{int:message name}}
{{int:edit}}
Modifier
(depends on user language, try: frja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (namespace) message into the user language.
{{#language:language code}}
{{#language:ar}}
{{#language:th}}
language code
العربية
ไทย
The native name for the given language code.
{{#special:special page name}}

{{#special:Special:UserLogin}}
Special:Special page name
Special:UserLogin
The localized name for the given canonical Special: page.
{{#tag:tagname}}
{{#tag:tagname
|tag content
|parameter=value
|parameter2=value
}}
(depends on parser tag) Alias for XML-style parser or extension tags, but parsing wiki code. Attribute values can be passed as parameter values ('<tagname attribute="value">' → '{{#tag:tagname|attribute=value}}'), and inner content as an unnamed parameter ('<tagname>content</tagname>' → '{{#tag:tagname|content}}').
{{GENDER:username
|return text if user is male
|return text if user is female
|return text if user hasn't defined their gender}}
(depends on the named user's gender) A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences