Inang-Yaya: The use of mobile phones for long-distance parenting of local domestic worker-mothers
Galinato, P. M. (2016). Inang-Yaya: The Use of Mobile Phones for Long-Distance Parenting of Local Domestic Workers, Unpublished undergraduate thesis, University of the Philippines College of Mass Communication
This study investigates the experiences of domestic-worker mothers in using mobile phones to perform long -distance parenting. Data was obtained from 20 local domestic worker-mothers through focus interviews. Guided by the Apparatgeist model, the study examined the personal context and social context of the domestic-worker mothers, as well as their satisfaction with their use of mobile phones. The personal context revealed themes of inaccessibility of technology as a product of their disadvantaged socio-economic status. Their social context reflects the experiences of OFW mothers, where it is still heavily gender-scripted. Furthermore, their satisfaction with mobile phones greatly depended on its ability to provide multiple cues. With those factors interacting together, it easily made mobile phone calls the most preferred medium for the domestic-worker mothers with its accessibility and presence of audio cues. Through their narrated experiences, three typologies describing the patterns for the performance of long-distance parenting emerged. These are, Reproductive Mothering, Collaborative Mothering, and Intensive Mothering, with marked differences from the typologies described in the existing literature. An additional typology, the Absent Mothering, emerged out of the non-use of technology, which provides an area of study for future undertaking.